Educational Rights Conference - Resolutions

Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi
Educational Rights Conference 
17.08.2014 5 p.m. - Salem 

Resolutions executed at the Conference

Educational Rights Conference was held in Salem on the birthday of Thol Thirumalavan, the leader of Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi(VCK). At the conference that took place breaking various repressive measures and blockades of the Tamil Nadu government, Thol .Thirumavalavan, the leader of Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi read the following resolutions. The following are the resolutions that were executed amidst the thunderous applause of lakhs of Viduthalai Chiruthaigal cadres
  1.The Challenge
The accepted policy throughout the world is that the state should provide free and quality education for its citizens. The European nations follow the same and operate on these lines. People feel very guilty to pursue education in private schools. Private schools are very few and it is the state-run schools which are large in number. But the situation is upside down here in India. Therefore this conference appeals to people of all sections to stand by the efforts of the VCK to make education people-centric. This conferences challenges all people to participate in our movement in order to attain the goal that people from all sections of the society will receive free education from primary education till research study without being discriminated on the basis of caste and religion.
2. Salute
The Elderly Palani and Mrs. Papa who were murdered by the caste fanatics in West Mangudi village near Chidambaram, Kadaloor District on April 24, the day of polling for parliamentary election. Kaliraj, Murugan and Govindaraj who were slain and murdered by the dominant casteists in Udapankulam near Sankarkovil, the former City District Secretary Nellai Mohan who was murdered in Nellai by the anti-social elements, Kothangulam Manthiram who was murdered by the caste fanatics and Karoor Vinitha, a student who was sexually assaulted and murdered by the casteists, Eechangaranai Rasendran of Kanchipuram District who was murdered by the dominant casteists for stopping the sand quarrying, the former Erode City District Secretary Senthil (alias) Senthamizhan who passed away due to ill health. This conference full-heartedly salutes these persons.   
3. Gratitude
(a)To stall the historical Educational Rights conference in progress in Salem from being successful and to murder the democracy, the ruling class in power forced various bottlenecks till the last moment, especially the Tamil Nadu government unleashed repressive measures abusing authority to suppress the rise of VCK, which fights for the Scheduled Tribes, minorities and other marginalized people. In spite of this, the Madras High Court Chief Justice Honourable Mr. Sanjay Kishan Kaul who allowed the case to be heard even on Sunday which is a holiday , Justices V. Ramasubramanian, S.Rajeswaran and P.Devadass who delivered the verdict and Senior Advocate Mr.S.Prabhakaran who pleaded on behalf of the VCK. This conference offers its heartfelt gratitude to these persons.
(b)Pandit Iyothee Thass, Colonel Alcott, Reverend John Rathinam, Rettamalai Srinivasan were the first to lend their voice to provide the required education for poor students of the society denied education for several centuries and who built hostels for them and the pioneering leader M.C.Raja who built hostels for Tamil medium students and designed Tamil medium curricula. This conference expresses its gratitude for these leaders. 
(c) To ensure education for every citizen in the subcontinent, the revolutionary Ambedkar, in his draft constitution, included Education in the Fundamental Rights part of Section 23(1). Moreover, according to Part IV: Article 36 of the Directive Principles of State Policy, every citizen is entitled to free primary education. He ensured that the State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years. Therefore this conference wholeheartedly expresses its gratitude to the revolutionary Ambedkar who strived so that all people would get the right to education without being discriminated on the basis of caste and religion.  
4.Free Education for all
 Education is everyone’s birthright – it is that education which is the strength of the humanity. According to this slogan, a country should provide free education to every citizen which is the fundamental right of the citizens. That’s why revolutionary Ambedkar has stressed in Article 45 of the Constitution that the State shall endeavour to provide free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years. Though it’s been over 60 years since the Constitution came into effect, the Central and State governments has not provided free and compulsory education for all children as stated in the constitution. In many developed nations, the state is providing free education to its citizens. This conference urges that The Right of Education (RTE) Act which came into effect in 2009 must be amended wherein the central and state governments state will provide free education from primary education till research study.  
5. Student-Teacher Ratio
The Right to Education Act (RTE) was composed in the year 2005 itself, was enacted as an Act of the Parliament of India on 4 August 2009 and was announced that it came into effect from 1 April 2010. To implement this act, at least 10 lakh specially-trained teachers are additionally needed throughout the subcontinent. This alone would ensure that the 1 teacher for every 30 students goal is reached. This conference records the fact that both the former government and the present government have not taken any efforts so far. Moreover, experts have determined that at least Rs. 2 Lakh 31 thousand crores is required to implement this for the next five years. But the Modi government has allocated a meagre 2000 crores for office work. In contrast, for the current year, for Defence alone, Rs.2 Lakh 29 thousand crores has been allocated. This is a 12.5 percent increase compared to the previous year. This conference strongly condemns the central government which prioritises development of arms over development of education.
 6. The Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) is under the control of the central government and with the aim to completely subject it to the control of the Hindutva extremists, Yellapragada Sudershan Rao of the RSS has been appointed as its new chairman. This is a boost to the fundamentalists who twist and rewrite history. Therefore this conference strongly condemns this act of the central government which has an ulterior motive. This conference also urges and requests the central government that he should be immediately removed from that post and a secular scholar should be appointed as its chairman.
 7. By creating the image that children mostly go to private schools only because Tamil is the medium of instruction, the government is encouraging the commercial trend of the private educational institutions and the attitude of the Government in introducing English as the medium of instruction in Government Primary Schools. This conference strongly condemns this trend of the Tamil Nadu government.
8. The Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India, according to this, all children in the age group of six to fourteen years must be provided free and compulsory education. But nothing is mentioned in this section about the safety and early childhood education from birth till the age of six and the higher secondary school education from the age of 14 to 18.Therefore, in this regard, the constitution must be amended. The privilege should not be merely for school education but free and compulsory education must be provided till post graduation, that is, this conference urges and requests the central government, that the constitution must be amended so that the age limit of 6 to 14 must be scrapped and set as birth to 24.
9. Powers for the education department which was in the state list of the Constitution was transferred to the Concurrent List when the Emergency Act was in force. This is not only a repressive trend to meddle with the rights of the state but an act that suppresses the rights of the people who speak different languages. Therefore this conference urges the Central government that the Powers for the field of Education must be removed from the Concurrent list and must be included in the State list again.
10. The Indian subcontinent comprises of people speaking 1656 languages, the attitude of the central government to prioritise Hindi alone and the celebration of Sanskrit week in schools is strongly condemned by this conference. The conference urges the Government of India to form an “Indian Language Development Commission’’ so that all the national languages recognised by the constitution might be enriched.     11. Autonomous private educational institutions like private schools, private colleges, and private universities in their commercial war are turning education into a commercial product . Against this backdrop, the Government of India also enables the public-private partnership of educational institutions through the present Right to Education Act. This is an effort to completely privatise the field of education. This conference urges the Government of India to drop the efforts to privatise education and to nationalise education.
12. It is education through one's mother tongue that will be apt to develop and strengthen the thinking ability and creativity of children. This conference urges the Tamil Nadu government to recognise Tamil i.e. World's old language and Classical language as medium of instruction from the beginning class to post graduation and English and other languages as optional languages.
13. Educationists are demanding that the present curriculum of the Uniform System of School Education currently in effect in Tamil Nadu must be improved. This conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu to accept this and design a Uniform System of School Education curriculum of the highest quality and to include nature, agriculture and social justice in the curriculum. Morever, this conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu not to include representatives of the private educational institutions in the drafting committee of the curriculum.
14. This conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu to take action and immediately remove the caste names found in the educational institutions, which receive Government grants as well as the ones that do not receive grants. 
15. It is known through statistics that more than 50 percent are unable to continue their Class I to Class XII school education fully. This is a big challenge to the growth of a nation and development of the society. Therefore to stop this tragic state where schooling is discontinued in the middle, this conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu to define a educational policy on the basis of Education for all - Compulsory Education - Free Education and implement it seriously.
16. To spoil the student community, drug habits including Alcoholism are widely spreading throughout the country. In particular, sale of Alcohol and other drugs are being carried out openly near educational institutions. Keeping in mind, that welfare of the students and the youth is the welfare of the nation; this conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu to implement a policy for the complete ban of alcohol and abolition of drugs to save the student community indulging in drug habits. 
17. On the basis that children should excel in education, the tragedy of separating children from parents from the age of 2 itself is on the rise. It is the opinion of the psychologists that this will adversely affect the psyche of children. It is the father and mother who are the basis for the sense of security and self-confidence of the children. It is from the parents that they learn their relational environment and social environment. Therefore this trend of separating the children from the parents especially from the mother must not prevail. This conference appeals to the Government of Tamil Nadu that the Government Education Policy must be formulated wherein children completing 5 years alone should be admitted into educational institutions and kindergarten education system which admits children below the age of 5 must be fully scrapped. This conference urges the central and state governments that, moreover they should define the education policy wherein age will not be a barrier to pursue education and it can be pursued at any period after the age of 5.
18. Recommendations of the Kothari Commission and Muthukumaran committee stress that education must be pursued only from the native village of the children or from the schools adjacent to their residential area. But citing various reasons, parents and owners of educational institutions avoid admitting children in nearby schools. Especially on the basis of community, religion and economic reasons, admissions at nearby schools are avoided. This conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu, that keeping the child psychology as the basis, the scheme of pursuing education at nearby schools must be fully and seriously implemented.  
19. Teacher appointments must be ensured on the basis of 1 Teacher for every 30 students ratio. This conference urges the Government to take action on those private educational institutions which violate this student-teacher ratio.
20. This conference urges that the fund provided according to Government Order 92 for Dalit and Scheduled Tribe students to pursue higher and technical education must be properly provided for every college.
21. Seats available for postgraduate medical studies like M.S. and M.D. in Government medical colleges throughout Tamil Nadu are very little.  The Government must create more seats in Government medical colleges to pursue postgraduate medical studies.
22. New hostels must be built in tune with the rise in number of students studying in schools and colleges. The quality of the existing hostels must be raised and all facilities must be provided.
23. Reservation policy must be perfectly followed in every schools and colleges for admission of students and appointment of teachers.
24. Similar to the special schools, the quality of the Scheduled Caste welfare schools must be raised.
25. Scheduled Tribe (ST) students undergo severe difficulties to get community certificate. This is due to the indifference of the government servants. Due to this, ST students discontinue their studies in the middle. This conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu to conduct a yearly camp to provide community certificates in their residential area, keeping in mind the sad affairs of those students.
26. The VCK appeals to the central government to immediately scrap the Aptitude test in Union Public service Commission exams which favours English learners alone so that Tamil and language learners do not qualify, and to create equal opportunity for all language speakers including Tamil in Preliminary Examination, Main Examination and Interviews.
27. This conference urges the Government of Tamil Nadu to take steps so that all educational institutions will provide the Government treasury’s advanced cheques to the scheduled caste and backward caste students wherein they will receive the educational scholarship at the beginning of the academic year itself.    
28. Should provide reservation for Eelam Tamils in Medical and Technical studies.